Anxiety disorder stems from the feeling of acute anxiousness. It is absolutely normal and fine to feel anxious before some important event, like a job interview, admission test, right before entering the exam hall, the beginning of a performance; but if the fear of doing the tasks and the thought of the challenges you might be facing starts restricting you from living your life, then that becomes something to be worried about.
The fear of the impending situation must not ever hold you back from enjoying every minute of your life, whether good, bad, easy or tough.
How can Anxiety be a problem?
It is an inherent human reaction, to feel nervous and anxious and terrified of what is about to come, our brain works that way. However, if these thoughts start to take a toll on our lives, it is then we must seek help, or find a solution by our self to prevent it from interceding in our daily thoughts and, life.
If these thoughts start posing unimaginable consequences and circumstances in our head, it is very likely that the person is suffering from an anxiety disorder. Our worries should never become the highlight of our lives.
Anxiety is only our body’s natural instinct, to determine whether to go on a fight or flight mode when faced a troublesome, or difficult situation.
What are the common symptoms of anxiety disorders?
- People who are suffering from anxiety disorder usually perceive situations as many times as worse than what it actually is.
- Their constant state of anxiety hampers their work, their relationships, and alter the course of happiness in their lives. The disorder of anxiety is one of the most common forms of mental disorders. No matter how intimidating it all sounds, the state of anxiety is very much treatable.
- Although, people with anxiety disorders feel stress way worse than people without anxiety do, and this might make their case look more somber than it already is, and this might restrict them from seeking out the much-needed help and guidance. They start believing all those compelling unforeseeable circumstances that anxiety causes.
- It starts affecting their ability to concentrate or finish their work.
Physically visible symptoms of anxiety :
There are multiple physical symptoms as well, like
- Shortness of breath
- Trembling hands
- Extremely fast-paced beating of the heart
Risk Factors for an anxiety disorder:
Women are most likely to fall prey to this mental illness than men. Anxiety can be the result of various of actions and thoughts, and most of them become all so tangled up with each other that it gets very difficult to sort out the extreme thoughts from the normal bouts of nervousness.
The combination of factors that can cause anxiety are uncountable. Genetic factors, of course, play a huge role in it, along with cases of ongoing stress, the worsening state of one’s physical health, family troubles, or cases of extreme traumatic incidences.
These cases of anxiety are very much treatable, and those who are having this illness are in a treatable medical condition. However, to go about the healing process in the best way, one needs to learn more about the subject they are dealing with.
Types of Anxiety
All types of anxiety disorders can be grouped into various categories on the basis of their shared symptoms and common tells.
However, nobody who has the anxiety disorder go through only a certain range of emotions. Most of the time they share their reactions from a wide spectrum of emotions one goes through when anxious.
There are no common hosts of feelings one undergoes when someone is suffering from a state of anxiety. As mentioned earlier, feeling anxious and nervous is our brain’s normal way of reaction during any seemingly tough situation, however, when these outwardly normal feelings start getting repetitive to the point of completely forcing the person not to indulge in any social activity or do any work because there might be any negative circumstance associated with it, is when the person is suffering from an anxiety disorder.
Some common physical indications of anxiety consist of:
- Heart pounding
- Piercing headaches
- Extreme bouts of sweating
- Terrible stomach aches
- Frequent cases of urination
- Sudden diarrhoea
- Muscle tension or spasms
- Constant shaking or uncontrollable twitching caused by nervousness
- Very bad episodes of insomnia
- Acute shortness of breath
- Feeling tired or extremely weak
- Unexplainable blushing
- Feeling of being choked
- Facing extremely dry mouths
- difficulty sleeping and nightmares
- hot and cold flushes
- Getting instances of getting tensed, curled up and oversensitive.
Some common emotional anxiety symptoms consist of:
- Too much unnecessary and incessant worrying about the past, the present, or the looming gloomy future.
- Having a feeling anxious, worried, frightened, apprehensive.
- Feeling immobilized, weak, helpless, useless, powerless.
- Begin constantly sensing an impending doom, or a situation filled with extreme negativity and misfortunes.
- Never ending mind racing with thoughts of worries over various of matters spilling over everywhere with no proper solution to any of it.
- Facing lack of concentration.
- Problems in properly memorizing and remembering essential things. Sudden lack memory.
Some common behavioral anxiety symptoms consist of:
- Avoiding situations that make you feel anxious
- Completely isolating yourself
- Getting hold of sudden inescapable panic attacks
The six most common types of anxiety disorders are:
Generalised anxiety disorder
What cases of generalized anxiety disorder deal with is extreme, unnecessary, irrepressible, overwhelming, worry about a variety of commonplace state of affairs like school, family, relationships, social status, health, work or finances.
Social phobia or social anxiety disorder
Social phobia is that type of phobia which makes people avoid social spheres and socializing because their acute state of anxiousness and nervousness is withholding them back. They begin to develop this phobia of avoiding social contact altogether to keep their worries in check.
In their heads, they begin to draw up, apparently, extreme turn of events where they may be harmed, physically and or mentally. Hence, they think that it is just better to stay inside and reject any scope of social contact.
Panic disorder is associated with sudden intense and extreme cases of panicking over seemingly commonplace usual situations and cases. The symptoms generally include acute shortness of breath, dizziness or lightheadedness. All of this is caused by the anxiety disorder.
Agoraphobia is generally associated with panic disorders and social phobias. It is that phobia which makes the person stay out of contact with their social spheres and social groups in case they get triggered into a panic attack.
The fear of these panic attacks that might be caused by some unstoppable course of happening within their social surroundings, is what makes them rigid and gets them in the claws of this phobia.
Specific phobias are those phobias which only apply certain distinct fear of certain distinguishable things, like fear of snakes (ophidiophobia), fear of spiders (arachnophobia), fear of water (aquaphobia), fear of heights (acrophobia), fear of closed spaces (claustrophobia), fear of meeting other people (anthropophobia), etc.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder forms the compulsive reactions, thoughts, and impulses to do certain things repeatedly. These unwanted thoughts are triggered by everyday actions and situations, but then it manifests into irrational constant repetitive actions by the person. There are many stages of this obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
One suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when certain feelings, thoughts, memories of any life-altering traumatic experiences or events in their lives fail to quiet down in their minds.
They start being constantly reminded of its shock and fear. So much so, that it becomes difficult for them to partake in their normal post incident life. They are incessantly being reminded of the suffering and the ordeal they have had to experience, and it becomes all too much for them to forget those incidents at all.
However, all these types of anxiety may seem, treatment is always available to help you get better, or to at least, provide a source of help for management of this disorder. Certain lifestyle changes, daily habits and routines, medications, proper food eating, marinating a balanced diet, all of this pave the path to recovery and success.
Causes of Anxiety
The cause and effect of the anxiety disorder are not fully understood yet. It is believed that when seemingly normal everyday worries over commonplace and simple things start crossing their lines and have the person be constantly on the edge, is when anxiety disorder settles in a person. These kind reactions can be aggravated by a range of various actions.
Of course, it is very much certain that some level of having anxiety is actually good and appropriate as they help us to understand and assess situations properly. This is appropriate anxiety which only leaves a positive impact on our lives.
The moment when anxiety starts becoming a problem is when these apparently ‘appropriate feedbacks’ starts being more frequent than its necessity. It becomes really difficult to distinguish between overthinking and overcomplicating of simple situations and actually assessing the situation in front of them. Instances of being overtly jumpy, overwhelmed and oversensitive start taking place.
A variety of influences are assumed to contribute to anxiety symptoms. All of which can further worsen to become disorders. Most of the anxious people are in all probability born with a hereditary susceptibility and trait to cultivate an anxiety disorder. This development can be completely eradicated, but it can sure be managed with professional and medical help.
The common causes of anxiety include:
Genetically inherited from a family history of mental disorders
A family past of mental illness matters can subject to be a causative and decisive factor. However, this does not mean that if there are any present mental health illness sufferer in your family would have you lead in their way of deteriorated mental condition of any kind.
Constant continuous stressful situations
Constant stress inducing happenings can set you in a spiral of persistent and unceasing worry and stress. These emotionally high driving situations may involve family troubles, relationship problems, getting fired at your job, substance abuse, physical or verbal abuse, failed pregnancy or childbirth, or even fail to achieve a long-term goal. Any and all of this might put you at a risk of having an anxiety disorder.
Physical health issues
An underlying cause of anxiety disorders may be problems of the physical health. People who suffer asthma, or have gone through say heart diseases, or have diabetes, they all possess a high possibility to develop an anxiety disorder.
Even going through nervous breakdowns can end up the person with a severe case of anxiety disorder. Also, hormonal disorder like thyroid is linked to developing an anxiety disorder, as well. Most of the time, the initial giveaway of ailing physical health is from the person showing symptoms of anxiety disorder.
Drug use or heavy substance abuse can lead to the development of an anxiety disorder in an individual. Consumption of substances like weed or cannabis, heroin, amphetamines, sedatives, heavy intake of alcohol leads to numbing of the senses and initiating the process of developing an acute anxiety disorder in a person.
All of this consumption practices can trigger anxiety-related symptoms in an individual, and not only that, if the person tries to withdraw from these substance abuses, they end up cultivating extremely terrible withdrawal symptoms, which are also related to the anxiety disorder.
Caffeine, no matter how above suspicion and harmless substance it can is, can also lead to dangerous implications if consumed too much. Not only this, other seemingly harmless and useful substances like prescribed medications for other medical help, and herbal juices, they often tend to contain anxiety symptom triggering substances.
People having perfectionist type of personality often tend to be more susceptible to anxiety symptoms. It is because they are mostly driven by the fact that they are not good enough, and their low self-esteem.
Every individual is different, and no individual goes through the same type of emotions before succumbing to the grips of anxiety. All the factors contributing to the development of one’s anxiety disorder condition are unique and just as much important. However, an essential thing to remember is to always have faith in the healing powers of medicine and to seek help no matter how helpless one feels.