Today, November 17 is the International Day of the premature baby, a special date to pay homage to these great little fighters. In recent years the number of premature babies has increased considerably, reaching more than 32,000 births in Spain. In the world, one in ten babies is born prematurely.
It seems incredible that they are born so small but with such a great capacity to fight for their life. The parents of premature babies know very well the hard way that is going through at that time.
It is considered that a baby is premature when it is born before week 37 of gestation. In turn, premature babies are divided into subgroups according to the moment of their birth: late preterm (between week 33 and 36), large premature (between week 28 and 32) and extremely premature (before week 28). We have known cases of very small babies with only 500 grams of weight (and even less) that have managed to get ahead.
Main causes of a premature birth
The factors are multiple, for example, methods of fertilization, multiple pregnancies, teenage pregnancy, and diseases during pregnancy, such as preeclampsia, infections, seasonal diabetes, maternal autoimmune diseases, and previous preterm pregnancies.
In fact, there have also been studies that indicate that genetics can influence. The smaller the baby is, the complications are greater, including the possibility of developing severe neurological, hearing and visual disabilities.
hence the importance of care before, during and after pregnancy. However, there are different difficulties that a pre-term baby can face. Some of them are feeding, intracranial hemorrhages and various infections.
In fact, Due to the immaturity of their immune and respiratory systems, premature babies are more prone to contract respiratory infections, such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia, caused by the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), increasing the risk of hospitalization and being potentially life-threatening.
If we are already moms of a premature baby, what do we do? The birth of a premature baby can represent a situation of high impact that is why we should inform ourselves adequately with all the specialists, about the care that must be followed, both for the baby and for the parents.
In our country, the ideal place to care for premature babies in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), which is found in both private and public hospitals.
These units have a team of specialized doctors and nurses to provide the best care to premature babies during their period of stabilization and strengthening. Such care is your best option to survive
The main cause of death of young children in the world
For the first time in history, complications arising from premature birth are the leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age worldwide.
Video Credit: marchofdimes.org
The objectives for the next three to five years are focused on preventing and alleviating this global health problem by helping to save the lives of so many children.
A few days ago we introduced you to MOM, an inflatable folding incubator and transportable low cost that could prevent the death of many children.
Premature babies need special attention
After birth, premature babies are assisted in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), which depending on the stage of pregnancy and medical conditions, a premature baby may need to stay in the NICU for a few weeks to several months.
There you will receive intensive care from a multidisciplinary team of medical and paramedical professionals. And this is how the NICU of the OMNI HOSPITAL strives to provide services always at the forefront to provide security, quality, and warmth of attention to our little heroes, reminding them that “the greatest things have a very small beginning”.
The premature baby will be placed in an incubator or thermocube where it will be kept warm and warm to regulate the temperature of your body. The newborn will be connected to some machines that will help him receive fluid and nutrients, as well as control his blood pressure, heart rate, respiration, and temperature.
Premature babies are unable to coordinate sucking and swallowing before week 34 of pregnancy, so they need to be tube-fed until they receive breast milk.
What are the actions that must be taken to prevent premature birth?
- The best ways to prevent prematurity are:
- Be in good health before becoming pregnant.
- Receive prenatal care as early as possible.
- Continue prenatal care until the baby is born.
In recent years, with the increase in prematurity, more humanized methods have also emerged for the care and treatment of premature babies, such as the method of kangaroo mother care.
Its benefits have been extended to maternity hospitals around the world and more and more people are adopting this very positive method for the recovery of the newborn.
The Kangaroo Method aims to reproduce as closely as possible what the baby would live if it were still inside the mother’s womb. It is based mainly on the skin-to-skin contact of the baby with the mother and increasingly, also with the father, who is involved in the recovery of their baby.
Among other things, it has been shown that it helps the preterm better to endure the pain of medical interventions, to regulate their body temperature and respiratory rate promotes breastfeeding and promotes the bond between the mother (and the father) and her baby.
Thanks for reading my articles on World Prematurity Day- 17 November 2017. We should also make those women aware. Please Share this articles and keep attention to this day.